- Religion: good and bad or God and Satan
- Sports: two teams and we make them extremes (AFL/NFL)
- Politics: two parties - and we highlight their differences rather than similarities.
- In the first act, he defined a society with rules and added an individual who didn't really fit into the society or follow the rules
- In the second act, the society kills the individual (in the plays, literally. Or those who don't fit in are dismissed and told to leave forever.)
They are merely perceived dichotomies – divisions we project onto the world because of our perceptions and biases. For example, in the U.S. we divide people politically as Liberals and Conservatives, but the terms are so poorly defined it’s easy to find examples of people who have some liberal views and some conservative views.There are other important alternatives for defining a person’s politics (what do you want to liberate? what do you want to conserve? how do you think it should be done?), but the convenience of the false dichotomy of liberal vs. conservative hides them from consideration. The convenience of binary logic blinds us from how poor a foundation for thought it can be.-- The false dichotomy of false dichotomies, Scott Berkun
The key point here is not that people are irrational; it’s that this irrationality comes from a very rational place. People fail to distinguish what they know from what others know because it is often impossible to draw sharp boundaries between what knowledge resides in our heads and what resides elsewhere.
This is especially true of divisive political issues. Your mind cannot master and retain sufficiently detailed knowledge about many of them. You must rely on your community. But if you are not aware that you are piggybacking on the knowledge of others, it can lead to hubris.
, New York Times
Are dichotomies (false or perceived) the best approach to take? The circle continues...
Is the Yin/Yang representation more accurate?
At first glance in eastern culture, there seems to be a dichotomy with yin and yang. In reality, the yin and yang are complementary but opposing forces creating balance. It’s a different take on dichotomies. It shows that the two are necessary for the world; you can’t choose one without having the other. You don't understand good without experiencing evil. You need vanilla to understand chocolate.
- Transactional - request an activity to be completed
- Informational - share and provide information/knowledge freely or by request
- Decision Making - come to consensus for a resolution
- Influential - provide information, knowledge, insights and perspectives to help someone make a decision
- Relationship Building - create a connection through the experience of learning about the other person (shared feelings and thoughts)
- Collaboration/Brainstorm - collaborate to create a solution or a new idea